alexa Antihyperglycemic effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Gongronema latifolium leaves on glucose and glycogen metabolism in livers of normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.


Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Ugochukwu NH, Babady NE

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Abstract The present study was designed to investigate the antihyperglycemic effects of aqueous and ethanolic extracts from Gongronema latifolium leaves on glucose and glycogen metabolism in livers of non-diabetic and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. To investigate the effects of aqueous or ethanolic leaf extracts of G. latifolium, non-diabetic and STZ diabetic rats were treated twice daily (100 mg/Kg) for two weeks. Diabetic rats showed a significant decrease in the activities of hepatic hexokinase (HK), phosphofructokinase (PFK) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and an increase in glucokinase (GK) activity. The levels of hepatic glycogen and glucose were also increased in diabetic rats. However, there were no significant differences in the activities of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) in treated and untreated diabetic rats. The ethanolic extract significantly increased the activities of HK (p<0.01), PFK (p<0.001) and G6PDH (p<0.01) in diabetic rats, decreased the activity of GK (p<0.05) and the levels of hepatic glycogen (p<0.01) and both hepatic (p<0.001) and blood glucose (40\%). The aqueous extract of G. latifolium was only able to significantly increase the activities of HK and decrease the activities of GK but did not produce any significant change in the hepatic glycogen and both hepatic and blood glucose content of diabetic rats. Our data show that the ethanolic extract from G. latifolium leaves has antihyperglycemic potency, which is thought to be mediated through the activation of HK, PFK, G6PDH and inhibition of GK in the liver. The ethanolic extract is under further investigation to determine the chemical structure of the active compound(s) and its/their mechanism of action.
This article was published in Life Sci and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

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