Author(s): Hversen LA, Baltzer L, Dolphin G, Hanson LA, MattsbyBaltzer I
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Abstract In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of orally administered human lactoferrin (hLF) and two peptides, based on the bactericidal region of hLF (HLD1 and HLD2), on the course of experimental colitis. Acute colitis was induced in C57Bl/6 mice by giving 5\% dextran sulphate (DX) in the drinking water. The mice were killed after 2 or 7 days of DX exposure. The animals were given hLF or the peptides orally twice a day (2 mg/dose/mouse) during the DX exposure. In the control animals, the hLF or the peptides were replaced by bovine serum albumin or water. The appearance of occult blood in the faeces and macroscopic rectal bleeding were significantly delayed and partly reduced in the hLF-treated animals compared with the control animals. The shortening of the colon, a pathological effect of DX exposure, was significantly less pronounced in the hLF-treated group compared with the control group. Also, the interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) levels in the blood were significantly diminished in this group after 2 days of DX exposure. A significantly lower crypt score was observed in the distal part of the colon in the hLF-treated group compared with the control group. Also, significantly reduced numbers of CD4 cells, F4/80-positive macrophages and tumour necrosis factor-alpha-producing cells were detected by immunohistochemistry in the distal colon of the hLF-treated animals compared with the control animals after 7 days of DX exposure. A reduction was also observed concerning the IL-10-producing cells in the middle colonic submucosa. The HLD1 and HLD2 treatment, which was carried out for 2 days, only gave results almost identical to those of hLF, concerning clinical parameters after the 2 days of DX exposure. An even stronger effect was observed for HLD2, regarding decreased occult blood in the faeces and colon length. Our results show that perorally given hLF mediates anti-inflammatory effects on the DX-induced acute colitis, and further suggest that the bactericidal region of the hLF molecule may be involved in these activities.
This article was published in Scand J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy