alexa Anti-inflammatory effect of oxytocin in rat myocardial infarction.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

Author(s): Jankowski M, Bissonauth V, Gao L, Gangal M, Wang D

Abstract Share this page

While an increasing amount of evidence demonstrates the homeostatic functions of the cardiac oxytocin (OT) system, less is known about the role of this hormone in the injured heart. The current study examined the effect of OT infusion on cell apoptosis, expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and inflammation in the acute and subacute phases of myocardial infarction (MI). Prior MI male Sprague-Dawley rats were infused subcutaneously with OT 25 or 125 ng/(kg h) for 3 or 7 days. Saline-treated MI and sham-operated rats served as controls. Echocardiography and analysis of cardiac sections were used to disclose OT actions. Left ventricular fractional shortening, estimated to be 46.0 +/- 1.8% in sham controls, declined to 21.1 +/- 3.3% in vehicle-treated MI rats and was improved to 34.2 +/- 2.1 and to 30.9 +/- 2.5% after treatment with OT 25 and 125 ng/(kg h), respectively. OT infusion resulted in: (1) increase of cells expressing PCNA in the infarct zone, diminished cell apoptosis and fibrotic deposits in the remote myocardium; (2) suppression of inflammation by reduction of neutrophils, macrophages and T lymphocytes; (3) depression of the expression of proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 with promotion of transforming growth factor-beta. OT treatment reduced expression of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides in the infarcted ventricle, as well as the concentration of both peptides in the circulation. These results indicate that continuous OT delivery reduces inflammation and apoptosis in infarcted and remote myocardium, thus improving function in the injured heart.

This article was published in Basic Reserach in Cardiology and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version