Author(s): Dainichi T, Kurono S, Ohyama B, Sanzen N, Hayashi M
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Anti-p200 pemphigoid has been characterized by autoantibodies to an unidentified 200-kDa protein (p200) of the dermal-epidermal junction. The objective of this study was to identify p200. We performed 2D gel electrophoresis of dermal extracts and immunoblotting with patients' sera, followed by MS analysis of a unique protein band. The protein band corresponded to laminin gamma1. Anti-laminin gamma1 mAb reacted with the anti-p200 immunoprecipitates by immunoblotting. Sera from 32 patients with anti-p200 pemphigoid showed 90% reactivity to the recombinant products of laminin gamma1. None of the healthy control sera reacted with laminin gamma1. By immunoblotting, reactivity of a patient's serum with p200 was competitively inhibited by adding anti-laminin gamma1 C-terminus mAb. Purified anti-p200 IgG also inhibited the reactivity of this mAb to dermal laminin gamma1. Most laminin gamma1-positive sera showed reactivity with recombinant laminin gamma1 C-terminal E8 fragment. Reactivity of patients' sera and purified IgG to dermal laminin gamma1 was higher than reactivity to blood vessel laminin gamma1 under reducing conditions. These results suggest that laminin gamma1 is the autoantigen for patients with anti-p200 pemphigoid. The autoantibodies may specifically recognize dermal laminin gamma1 with unique posttranslational modifications. The epitope is localized to the 246 C-terminal amino acids within the coiled-coil domain. The 9 C-terminal residues are known to be critically involved in laminin recognition by integrins.
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This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research