Author(s): Johns I, Verheyen K, Good L, Rycroft A
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Abstract The objective of this study was to examine the emergence and persistence of antimicrobial resistant faecal Escherichia coli in horses treated with antimicrobial drugs in a hospital and community setting. Faecal samples were collected from hospitalised (n=56) and non-hospitalised (n=14) horses treated with antimicrobials, and 10 non-treated hospitalised controls. Samples were obtained pre-treatment and 5 days later in all horses, and 2 weeks and 2 months after treatment in treated horses. Susceptibility to 15 antimicrobials was tested via disc diffusion on up to 3 E. coli isolates per sample. Phenotypic extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production was identified via a combination disc method, and ESBL-encoding sequences identified by PCR. A resistant E. coli isolate was identified in 138/228 (60.5\%) samples. The proportion of resistant samples was not significantly different between hospitalised and non-hospitalised treated horses. The odds of a sample containing a resistant isolate increased significantly at day 5 in treated horses, but not in controls. Two weeks following treatment, the odds of resistance in non-hospitalised horses returned to pre-treatment levels, but remained significantly above pre-treatment levels in hospital-treated horses, returning to base-line 2 months after treatment. Seven samples (17 isolates) were positive for ESBL production. The genes bla(CTX-M) and bla(TEM) were identified in 12/17 isolates, with bla(SHV) in 4/17. Antimicrobial administration to horses in hospital and community settings is associated with an increased but transient risk of faecal shedding of antimicrobial-resistant E. coli. The high prevalence of resistant isolates suggests that methods to minimise their potential spread should be considered. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Vet Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology