alexa Antimutagenic effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Smerk P, Polvkov Z, Stetina R, Brtov J, Brta I, Smerk P, Polvkov Z, Stetina R, Brtov J, Brta I

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Using the Ames bacterial mutagenicity test, the comet assay, and an in vivo micronucleus test, we investigated the effect of the chemoprotective substance phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) on the mutagenic activity of indirect-acting mutagens and carcinogens aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), and direct-acting mutagen and carcinogen N-nitroso-N-methylurea (MNU). In the Ames test, the antimutagenic activity of PEITC was studied in the concentration range 0.3-300 microg/plate. PEITC at concentrations of 0.3, 3 and 30 microg/plate reduced dose-dependently mutagenicity of AFB1 and IQ in both S. typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains. In the case of the direct mutagen MNU, the antimutagenic effect of PEITC was detected only at concentration of 30 microg/plate in the strain TA100. The PEITC concentration 300 microg/plate was toxic in the Ames test. The 24 h pre-treatment of HepG2 cells with PEITC at concentration 0.15 microg/ml resulted in a significant decrease of DNA breaks induced by MNU at concentrations 0.25 and 0.5 mM. Although a trend towards reduced strand break level were determined also at PEITC concentrations 0.035 and 0.07 microg/ml it did not reach the statistical significance. No effect, however, of PEITC on IQ-induced DNA breaks was observed. Chemopreventive effect of PEITC was revealed also in vivo. Pretreatment of mice with PEITC concentrations of 25 and 12.5 mg/kg b.w. administered to mice in three daily doses resulted in reduction of micronucleus formation in mice exposed to all three mutagens under study, with statistically significant effect at concentration of 25 mg/kg. Results of this study indicate that the strong PEITC antimutagenic properties may have an important role in the prevention of carcinogenesis and other chronic degenerative diseases that share some common pathogenetic mechanisms.
This article was published in Cent Eur J Public Health and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords