Author(s): Inoue M, Suzuki R, Koide T, Sakaguchi N, Ogihara Y,
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Abstract Gallic acid, a naturally occurring plant phenol with antioxidative activity, was found to induce cell death in promyelocytic leukemia HL-60RG cells, although many antioxidants are well known to protect the cell from oxidative stress. Morphological and biochemical studies indicated that the gallic acid-induced cell death is apoptosis. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that the apoptosis was not triggered at a specific phase of the cell cycle and that 2 h exposure of gallic acid to HL-60RG cells was enough to induce apoptosis. The inhibitory assay suggested that gallic acid-induced cell death was mediated by reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion in addition to Ca2+ ion, calmodulin-dependent enzymes. Structure-activity analysis suggests that gallic acid induces apoptosis in HL-60RG cells, depending on its distinctive feature derived from the structure but not on its antioxidative activity.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy