alexa Antioxidants attenuate early up regulation of retinal vascular endothelial growth factor in streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Obrosova IG, Minchenko AG, Marinescu V, Fathallah L, Kennedy A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A strong positive correlation has been found between lipid peroxidation product and vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations in the vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. To establish a causal relation between diabetes-associated enhanced oxidative stress and vascular endothelial growth factor production, we evaluated two antioxidants, DL-alpha-lipoic acid and taurine, on retinal vascular endothelial growth factor protein and mRNA expression and on parameters of oxidative stress in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. METHODS: Our experiments were on control rats and streptozotocin-diabetic rats with a 6-week duration of diabetes, treated with or without DL-alpha-lipoic acid (100 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), i.p.) or taurine (1\% in the diet) starting from induction of diabetes. Vascular endothelial growth factor protein in retinal homogenates was assessed by sandwich ELISA with an affinity-purified polyclonal antibody and vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA by ribonuclease protection assay. Retinal lipid peroxidation products i.e. malondialdehyde plus 4-hydroxyalkenals were quantified with N-methyl-2-phenylindole. Retinal reduced and oxidized glutathione, ascorbate, dehydroascorbate, and sorbitol pathway intermediates were measured spectrofluorometrically, and taurine by reverse-phase HPLC. RESULTS: Vascular endothelial growth factor protein concentration (means +/- SD) was increased in diabetic rats compared with control rats (33+/-7 vs 19+/-5 pg/mg total protein, p < 0.01) This increase was attenuated by taurine (26+/-8, p < 0.05) and prevented by DL-alpha-lipoic acid (21+/-4, p < 0.01). Vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA abundance was reduced by 1.4-fold in diabetic rats compared with control rats and this decrease was attenuated but not completely prevented by both antioxidants. Malondialdehyde plus 4-hydroxyalkenal concentration was increased in diabetic rats compared with control rats, and both antioxidants arrested accumulation of lipid peroxidation products. Taurine, reduced glutathione, oxidized glutathione, ascorbate, dehydroascorbate and sorbitol pathway intermediate concentrations as well as oxidized glutathione/reduced glutathione and dehydroascorbate/ascorbate ratios were similar in control and diabetic rats treated with or without taurine. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Oxidative stress is directly involved in up regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor protein in the retina during early diabetes. This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version