Author(s): Cao X, Ma LQ, Tu C
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Abstract This study measured antioxidative responses of Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) upon exposure to arsenic (As) of different concentrations. Chinese brake fern was grown in an artificially-contaminated soil containing 0 to 200 mg As kg(-1) (Na2HAsO4) for 12 weeks in a greenhouse. Soil As concentrations at < or =20 mg kg(-1) enhanced plant growth, with 12-71\% biomass increase compared to the control. Such beneficial effects were not observed at >20 mg As kg(-1). Plant As concentrations increased with soil As concentrations, with more As being accumulated in the fronds (aboveground biomass) than in the roots and with maximum frond As concentration being 4675 mg kg(-1). Arsenic uptake by Chinese brake enhanced uptake of nutrient elements K, P, Fe, Mn, and Zn except Ca and Mg, whose concentrations mostly decreased. The contents of non-enzymatic antioxidants (glutathione, acid-soluble thiol) followed similar trends as plant As concentrations, increasing with soil As concentrations, with greater contents in the fronds than in the roots especially when exposed to high As concentrations (>50 mg kg(-1)). The activities of enzymatic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase) in Chinese brake followed the same trends as plant biomass, increasing with soil As up to 20 mg kg(-1) and then decreased. The results indicated though both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants played significant roles in As detoxification and hyperaccumulation in Chinese brake, the former is more important at low As exposure (< or =20 mg kg(-1)), whereas the latter is more critical at high As exposure (50-200 mg kg(-1)).
This article was published in Environ Pollut
and referenced in Industrial Engineering & Management