Author(s): Simonney N, Dewulf G, Herrmann JL, Gutierrez MC, Vicaut E,
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Abstract A prospective and multi-centre study has allowed us to analyse antibody responses and Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolate genotypes on 24 consecutive HIV-TB co-infected patients treated with Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) who either went on to develop a TB Immune Restoration Syndrome (TB-IRS), or not. Circulating free and immune-complexed antibodies against ManLAM, ESAT-6/CFP10 and PGL-Tb1 in HIV-TB co-infected patients were measured by ELISA at the initiation of anti-TB treatment, at the date of HAART initiation and thereafter. Presence of circulating B cells was also monitored by in vitro antibody production (IVAP) against ESAT-6/CFP10 and PGL-Tb1. Finally, 16 out of 24M. tuberculosis clinical isolates from patients with TB-IRS were genotyped using spoligotyping and MIRUs-VNTR typing. Eleven patients (45.8\%) experienced TB-IRS (TB-IRS+). Significantly, lower anti-PGL-Tb1 antibody levels were identified in TB-IRS+ compared to TB-IRS-negative patients prior to TB-IRS development. These very low levels were neither related to CD4 counts nor with complexed antibodies. No difference in antibody levels was observed with the other tested antigens. In addition, no specific strain genotype was associated with TB-IRS. The presence of specific anti-PGL-Tb1 antibodies only in TB-IRS-negative patients represents for the first time an indicator of a potential protective response or a diagnostic biomarker for the detection of non-progression to TB-IRS in HIV-TB co-infected patients starting HAART.
This article was published in Tuberculosis (Edinb)
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology