Author(s): Tawata M, Aida K, Noguchi T, Ozaki Y, Kume S,
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Abstract The mechanism was studied by which isoliquiritigenin, a new aldose reductase inhibitor purified from licorice (Glycyrrhizae radix), inhibits platelet aggregation. This new agent significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of 40,000- and 20,000-dalton proteins, and inhibited the formation of 12 (S)-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrienoic acid, 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and thromboxane B2. The inhibitory effect of isoliquiritigenin on platelet aggregation in vitro was comparable to that of aspirin. Our findings may indicate that isoliquiritigenin elicits an anti-platelet action by inhibiting not only cyclooxygenase but also lipoxygenase or peroxidase activity in platelets. Isoliquiritigenin also showed an anti-platelet action in vivo. Isoliquiritigenin appears to be the only aldose reductase inhibitor with a significant anti-platelet action. Since the hyperaggregability of platelets has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, isoliquiritigenin may offer a unique benefit as an aldose reductase inhibitor.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
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