Author(s): Plasencia C, Abad A, MartinezBalibrea E, Taron M
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Abstract PURPOSE: ZD0473 (AMD473) [cis-amminedichloro(2-methylpyridine) platinum(II)] is a novel platinum agent of proven activity in vitro against a variety of human tumor-derived cell lines even with intrinsic or acquired resistance to CDDP. The aim of this study is to provide the basis for a rational design of ZD0473-based combination in colon cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated the cytotoxic effect of ZD0473 administered alone or in combination with 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) or SN38 in a panel of sensitive and 5FU-resistant colorectal cell lines (HT29/HT29-5FUR and LoVo/LoVo-5FUR). We analyzed four sequential schedules of administration: ZD0473 --> 5FU, 5FU --> ZD0473, ZD0473 --> SN38 and SN38 --> ZD0473. MTT-assay and isobologram analyses were performed to determine the synergism/antagonism. RESULTS: The pattern of response towards ZD0473, administered as single agent, was similar in all cases and independent of the 5FU-resistance phenotype (IC50 from 48.1 to 76.6 microM) and/or p53 status. No differences in sensitivity to ZD0473 alone or in combination were observed between DNA-mismatch repair-proficient (HT29/HT29-5FUR) and -deficient (LoVo/LoVo-5FUR) cells. ZD0473 administered prior to 5FU leads to synergistic/additive effect in all cell lines, while the 5FU --> ZD047 schedule was only synergistic in HT29 cells. Exposure to ZD0473 prior to SN38 leads to a synergistic/additive schedule in LoVo/LoVo-5FUR cells, while SN38 --> ZD0473 schedule was only synergistic in parental cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: The combinations of ZD0473 and 5FU or SN38 have shown to be active in sensitive and 5FU-resistant colorectal cell lines when a correct schedule of administration is applied. These results may be further exploited to promote new schedules of administration for advanced colorectal cancer treatment.
This article was published in Invest New Drugs
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access