Author(s): Holzer M, Wolf P, Inzinger M, Trieb M, Curcic S,
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Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disorder associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Psoriasis affects high-density lipoprotein (HDL) composition, generating dysfunctional HDL particles. However, data regarding the impact of anti-psoriatic therapy on HDL composition and function are not available. HDL was isolated from 15 psoriatic patients at baseline and after effective topical and/or systemic anti-psoriatic therapy and from 15 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. HDL from psoriatic patients showed a significantly impaired capability to mobilize cholesterol from macrophages (6.4 vs. 8.0\% [(3)H]cholesterol efflux, P<0.001), low paraoxonase (217 vs. 350 μM(-1) minute(-1) mg(-1) protein, P=0.011) and increased Lp-PLA2 activities (19.9 vs. 12.1 nM(-1) minute(-1) mg(-1) protein, P=0.028). Of particular interest, the anti-psoriatic therapy significantly improved serum lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity and decreased total serum lipolytic activity but did not affect serum levels of HDL-cholesterol. Most importantly, these changes were associated with a significantly improved HDL-cholesterol efflux capability. Our results provide evidence that effective anti-psoriatic therapy recovers HDL composition and function, independent of serum HDL-cholesterol levels, and support to the emerging concept that HDL function may be a better marker of cardiovascular risk than HDL-cholesterol levels.
This article was published in J Invest Dermatol
and referenced in Dermatology Case Reports