alexa Antisense palmitoyl protein thioesterase 1 (PPT1) treatment inhibits PPT1 activity and increases cell death in LA-N-5 neuroblastoma cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Cho S, Dawson PE, Dawson G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL) is a childhood neurodegenerative disease caused by the selective death of cortical neurons and retinal degeneration, as the result of a palmitoyl protein thioesterase 1 (PPT1) deficiency. Recently, we showed that overexpression of PPT1 protects LA-N-5 human neuroblastoma cells against apoptotic death (Cho and Dawson [2000a] J. Neurochem. 74:1478-1488) and we now show that inhibition of PPT1 increases the susceptibility of these cells to apoptotic cell death. Transient transfection of LA-N-5 neuroblastoma cells with PPT1-FLAG resulted in a strong expression of PPT-FLAG-tagged protein as evidenced by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence. Co-transfection of a reverse-oriented (antisense) PPT1 (AS-PPT1) decreased the expression of PPT-FLAG to almost zero, reduced PPT1 enzyme activity (as measured by an in vitro assay) and increased the susceptibility to apoptosis induced by C(2) ceramide. Similarly, inhibition of PPT1 with a synthetic inhibitor (AcG-palmitoyl diaminoproprionate-VKIKK) (DAP1) (100 microM) increased the susceptibility of the cells to apoptosis induced by either C(2)-ceramide or etoposide, a common chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of neuroblastoma. Cells stably overexpressing PPT1 were resistant to apoptosis induced by DAP1 suggesting that the inhibitor has a specific action and confirming that low levels of protein palmitoylation block the death pathway. Drugs that raise the level of protein palmitoylation are pro-apoptotic and PPT1 inhibition may enhance the killing efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents used to kill neuroblastoma-derived cells. Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in J Neurosci Res and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords