Author(s): Kakuda W, Abo M, Kobayashi K, Momosaki R, Yokoi A,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with occupational therapy (OT) on the spasticity of the hemiparetic upper limb after stroke. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study subjects were 39 post-stroke patients with spastic upper limb hemiparesis (age: 56.5 ± 16.0 years, time after onset: 50.3 ± 37.8 months). At admission, the severity of hemiparesis was categorized as Brunnstrom stage 3-5 for hand-fingers. During 15-day hospitalization, each patient received 22 sessions of low-frequency rTMS applied to the non-lesional hemisphere and OT (one-to-one training and self-training). The spasticity of finger and wrist flexors of the affected upper limb was evaluated using the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) on the day of admission and discharge and 4 weeks after discharge. Each subject underwent Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT). RESULTS: The low-frequency rTMS/OT protocol significantly decreased the MAS scores for both finger and wrist flexors at discharge and at 4 weeks after discharge. In addition, the low-frequency rTMS/OT protocol significantly increased the FMA score and shortened the WMFT performance time. CONCLUSIONS: The 15-day in-patient protocol of low-frequency rTMS/OT is potentially suitable for reducing spasticity as well as improving motor function on the affected upper limb after stroke.
This article was published in Brain Inj
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation