Author(s): Patel SP, Bristol A, Saric O, Wang XP, Dubeykovskiy A,
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Abstract PURPOSE: NPC-1C is a chimeric immunoglobulin IgG1 developed from antigen tested in the Hollinshead tumor vaccine trials that recognizes an immunogenic MUC5AC-related tumor-associated antigen. In this article, we describe the pre-clinical characterization of this antibody that is currently being tested in human clinical trials. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The specificity of NPC-1C for pancreatic and colorectal cancer cell lines was tested by flow cytometry assays and immunohistochemical staining. Antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity was measured using a tumor cell line lysis assay. Anti-tumor efficacy and biodistribution were assessed in nude mice bearing human pancreatic tumor xenografts. RESULTS: Human tumor cell binding measured by flow cytometry ranged from 52 to 94 \% of cells stained positive with NPC-1C in three colorectal and one pancreatic cell lines, while IHC demonstrated staining of 43 \% of colon cancers and 48 \% of pancreatic cancer tissues, with little or no cross-reactivity of NPC-1C with normal colon or pancreas tissues. In vitro NPC-1C-mediated tumor cell killing occurred in a median of 44.5 \% of four colorectal and three pancreatic tumor cell lines. In vivo anti-tumor efficacy in a human pancreatic CFPAC-1 tumor xenograft model was demonstrated with a twofold to threefold reduction in tumor growth in the NPC-1C-treated mice compared to saline and human IgG controls. Pharmacodynamic studies indicate NPC-1C localizes in antigen-positive tumors and has minimal uptake in normal mouse tissues. CONCLUSIONS: NPC-1C, a chimeric monoclonal antibody that reacts with a MUC5AC-related antigen expressed by pancreatic and colorectal tumor tissues, has promising preclinical activity in pancreatic and colorectal adenocarcinoma.
This article was published in Cancer Immunol Immunother
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology