Author(s): Pasqualucci L, Wasik M, Teicher BA, Flenghi L, Bolognesi A,
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Abstract To develop a novel adjunctive therapy for CD30 (Ki-1)+ anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL), we investigated in preclinical studies the antitumor activity of an immunotoxin (IT) constructed by coupling the plant ribosome-inactivating protein saporin (SO6) to the monoclonal antibody (MoAb) Ber-H2 that is directed against the CD30 molecule, a new member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) super-family. The activity of Ber-H2/SO6 IT was tested both in vitro against the CD30+ ALCL-derived cell line JB6 and in vivo using our severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) mouse model of human xenografted CD30+ ALCL. In vitro, the Ber-H2/SO6 IT was selectively and highly toxic to the JB6 cell line [50\% inhibiting concentration (IC50), 3.23 x 10(-12) mol/L as SO6]. In vivo, a 3-day treatment with nontoxic doses of Ber-H2/SO6 (50\% of LD50) induced lasting complete remissions (CR) in 80\% of mice when started 24 hours after tumor transplantation. In contrast, injection of the IT at later stages of tumor growth (mice bearing subcutaneous tumors of 40- to 60-mm3 volume), induced CR in only 6 of 21 (approximately 30\%) mice and significantly delayed tumor growth rate (P < .01). This finding suggests that maximum effect of the anti-CD30 IT is observed when tumor cell burden is small. Persistent tumors from IT-treated mice consisted of CD30+ cells, thus excluding the possibility that selection of CD30-negative mutant clones during IT therapy was responsible for resistance to treatment. We conclude that Ber-H2/SO6 IT is an effective agent against CD30+ ALCL growing in SCID mice, suggesting its possible role as adjuvant therapy in patients with CD30+ ALCL refractory to standard treatments.
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy