Author(s): Cohen PA, Hudson JB, Towers GH
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Abstract The antiviral activities of some naturally occurring anthraquinones, bianthrones, and hypericin derivatives were compared by the end-point CPE (viral cytopathic effects) method and plaque assays. Under optimal conditions of exposure to light, hypericin, 7,7'-dichlorohypericin and 5,7-dichloroemodin exhibited strong inhibitory activity against HSV-1 (herpes simplex virus type 1) in both assays. Partial inactivation of the virus was shown by emodin, 7-chloroemodin and 7-chloro-1-O-methylemodin; the bianthrones and other anthraquinones were found to be inactive. Antiviral activity appeared to be positively correlated with increasing substitution of chlorine in the anthraquinone structure. In the absence of light, only hypericin and 7,7'-dichlorohypericin displayed detectable activity.
This article was published in Experientia
and referenced in Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Devices