alexa Antiviral therapy for influenza : a clinical and economic comparative review.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Schmidt AC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Each year influenza epidemics cause a considerable burden of disease. Vaccination against influenza A and B viruses has been and remains the cornerstone of influenza prevention, but antiviral therapy can serve as an important adjunct to vaccination in controlling the impact of the disease. Two classes of drugs are currently licensed in a large number of countries for the treatment of influenza. The M2 ion channel blockers or amantadanes (amantadine and rimantadine) are specific inhibitors of influenza A virus replication, whereas the neuraminidase inhibitors (zanamivir and oseltamivir) are active against influenza A and B viruses. Readily transmissible drug-resistant viruses develop frequently during amantadane treatment but not during neuraminidase inhibitor treatment. In this review, efficacy and safety data from randomised controlled trials are evaluated to gain an understanding of what we can and cannot expect from antiviral treatment. All four drugs shorten the course of influenza disease by approximately 1 day and relieve symptoms to some extent, but there is still uncertainty as to whether antiviral therapy leads to a reduction of serious complications and hospitalisation. The results of cost-effectiveness analyses are very diverse, in part because of differences in methodology but also because there is no consensus on what probabilities to assign to the key risks and benefits that form the basis of these studies. Consensus statements by advisory bodies in England and Germany recommend neuraminidase inhibitors for the therapy of influenza in high-risk individuals such as people over 65 years or under 2 years, and individuals with chronic cardiovascular, pulmonary or renal disease, diabetes mellitus or immunosuppression. However, there is no agreement as to whether antiviral therapy can be generally recommended for otherwise healthy children and adults. The availability of safe and effective antiviral therapy options should be kept in mind by the practising clinician, while more specific recommendations and policy formulation will depend on additional efficacy data that include frequency of complications and hospitalisation as outcome measures.
This article was published in Drugs and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords