alexa Anxiety and cognitive performance: attentional control theory.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

Author(s): Eysenck MW, Derakshan N, Santos R, Calvo MG

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Attentional control theory is an approach to anxiety and cognition representing a major development of Eysenck and Calvo's (1992) processing efficiency theory. It is assumed that anxiety impairs efficient functioning of the goal-directed attentional system and increases the extent to which processing is influenced by the stimulus-driven attentional system. In addition to decreasing attentional control, anxiety increases attention to threat-related stimuli. Adverse effects of anxiety on processing efficiency depend on two central executive functions involving attentional control: inhibition and shifting. However, anxiety may not impair performance effectiveness (quality of performance) when it leads to the use of compensatory strategies (e.g., enhanced effort; increased use of processing resources). Directions for future research are discussed.

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This article was published in Emotion and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

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