Author(s): Saniah AR , Zainal NZ
The aim of the study was to determine coping strategies among breast cancer patients with depression and anxiety during chemotherapy. Methods: B reast cancer patients with confirmed diagnosis who were undergoing out - patient chemotherapy at the Oncology Unit, Universit y Malaya Medical Centre were invited to participate in the study. They were assessed on th eir socio demographic profiles and clinical history. The Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) was used by patients to report anxiety and depression. The Brief COP E Scale was used to a ssess coping strategies among the patient s. Results: One hundred and forty one patients with mean age of fifty years participated in the study. Prevalence for depression was 19.1% and prevalence for anxiety was 24.1%. Patients who were having anxiety symptoms scored significantly higher on denial, behavioural disengagement and venting as their coping strategies compared to patients who were not anxious. Patients with depressive symptoms scored significantly higher in behavioural disenga gement and self - blame as their coping strategies compared to those who were not depressed. Conclusion: Breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy experienced high level of depressive and anxiety symptoms. However different coping strategies were adopte d to cope with their illness, che motherapy treatment, practical and family problems , emot ional and physical symptoms.