Author(s): Niggli HJ
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Abstract The rates of formation and excision of UVC light-induced cyclobutane-type pyrimidine photodimers were determined in cultures of foreskin-derived normal human fibroblasts in mitotic (MF) and mitomycin-C (MMC)-induced postmitotic fibroblasts (PMF). Characteristic morphological changes support the notion that MMC accelerates the differentiation pathway from MF to PMF. In cultures treated with aphidicolin, I am able to show that this inhibitor of alpha and/or delta polymerases significantly inhibits the repair of pyrimidine photodimers in foreskin-derived mitotic and MMC-induced postmitotic fibroblasts in low serum cultures (0.5\%) following UVC irradiation. Over the concentration range of 0-2 micrograms/ml of aphidicolin, there is a strong concentration-dependent inhibition of repair in cells treated with 10 J/m2 of UVC and incubated with aphidicolin during the post-incubation time (0-24 h). The results demonstrate that pyrimidine photodimers are repaired in low serum cultures by an alpha- and/or delta-polymerase-dependent pathway. These data also imply that the fibroblast differentiation system is a very useful tool to unravel the complex mechanisms of UV-induced DNA damage and repair.
This article was published in Mutat Res
and referenced in Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems