Author(s): AlShammari S, Fatania H, AlRadwan R, Akanji AO
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Abstract BACKGROUND: APOE polymorphism is believed to confer susceptibility to coronary heart disease (CHD) and Alzheimer's disease. It is well known that patterns of APOE polymorphisms differ between populations and ethnic groups, although most of the data available so far have been in whites. SUBJECT AND METHODS: We evaluated the frequencies of APOE genotypes and their relationships with serum levels of lipids, lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in two groups of Gulf Arab citizens: a control population of healthy voluntary blood donors (n=106), and a group of patients presenting to the lipid clinic for the first time with combined hyperlipidaemia (CH) (n=41). In both groups, fasting serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), HDL, LDL and apolipoprotein A1 and B levels were measured by routine autoanalyzer methods, and APOE genotyping was performed by validated PCR methods. The lipid and lipoprotein levels were related to the specific APOE allele frequencies. RESULTS: Allele frequencies were 5.7\% for *E2, 85.4\% for *E3, and 9.0\% for *E4 in the healthy blood donor group. An essentially similar pattern was seen in the patients with CH. This APOE allelic distribution conforms to patterns described in Chinese, whites and South Asians. In both the blood donor and CH groups there were no consistent links between specific APOE pattern and serum lipoproteins, as would have been predicted from APO *E2 and APO *E4 frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that APOE allelic patterns in healthy Kuwaiti blood donors and a smaller group of patients with CH do not satisfactorily predict circulating blood levels of lipids and lipoproteins.
This article was published in Ann Saudi Med
and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis