alexa Apoptosis in the atherosclerotic plaque: quantitative and qualitative aspects.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Kockx MM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Several laboratories have demonstrated the presence of apoptotic cell death in atherosclerotic plaques. Apoptosis occurs in at least 2 stages. The final "execution" phase, which includes DNA fragmentation, is brief ( approximately 6 hours) and irreversible and can be detected by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique. The TUNEL technique is only selective (rather than specific) for apoptotic nuclei, because these contain a far greater degree of DNA fragmentation than do nonapoptotic nuclei. Nonapoptotic cell nuclei that show high levels of RNA synthesis and splicing can also be labeled. This could explain the large variation in the reported percentages of TUNEL-positive nuclei in the plaques. Therefore, the TUNEL technique should be combined with additional techniques, such as markers of transcription and morphological criteria. Recent studies indicate that human fatty streaks differ from adaptive intimal thickenings by the presence of cells containing pro-apoptotic proteins. However, apoptotic cell death is present only in advanced atherosclerotic plaques that show a dense macrophage infiltration. This indicates that although both smooth muscle cells and macrophages within the human fatty streaks become susceptible to apoptosis, additional factors (mainly macrophage- and lipid-derived factors) are necessary to terminate the cell death pathway.
This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords