Author(s): Chen X, Lv P, Liu J, Xu K, Chen X, Lv P, Liu J, Xu K
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Abstract Cytotoxin III (CTX III), a basic polypeptide with 60 amino acid residues isolated from Naja naja atra venom, have potential therapeutic activity in tumor therapy. However, the therapeutic effect in solid tumor treatment with CTX III are still largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether CTX III affects cell growth and cell cycle progression of hepatocellular carcinoma cell (HepG2). We found that the proliferation of HepG2 cell was inhibited by CTX III, to some extent, in a time- and dose-dependent manner (IC50 2.58microg/ml at 24h). Flow cytometric analysis and annexin V labeling also demonstrated that CTX III increased the percentage of apoptotic cells being associated with cell cycle arrest at S-phase. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot revealed that cyclin D1, cyclin A and cyclin E, which involved in cell apopotosis and cell cycle progression, were down regulated both at transcription and translation levels. CTX III-induced caspase-8, -9 and caspase-3 activation, generation of truncated Bid, releasing of cytochrome c and the change of Bcl-2/Bax ratio on protein and mRNA levels. These findings demonstrated that cyclin D1, cyclin B and cyclin A down-regulation, change of Bcl-2/Bax ratio and caspase-8 and -9 activation contribute to CTX III-induced HepG2 cell apoptosis.
This article was published in Exp Toxicol Pathol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy