Author(s): Tolleson WH, Melchior WB Jr, Morris SM, McGarrity LJ, Domon OE, , Tolleson WH, Melchior WB Jr, Morris SM, McGarrity LJ, Domon OE,
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Abstract Fumonisin B1 is associated with various animal and human carcinomas and toxicoses, including leukoencephalomalacia, hepatocarcinoma, pulmonary edema and esophageal carcinoma. We have examined the cellular effects of fumonisin B1 in vitro using cellular model systems relevant to potential human target tissues. Although fumonisin B1 has been described as a mitogen in Swiss 3T3 cells based on stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation, in the current work it was found that fumonisin B1 inhibited incorporation of [3H]thymidine by cultured neonatal human keratinocytes and HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells at 10(-7) and 10(-4) M respectively. Fumonisin B1 also inhibited clonal expansion of normal human keratinocytes and HET-1A human esophageal epithelial cells at 10(-5) M and growth in mass culture of normal human fibroblasts at 10(-7) M. The clonogenicity of normal human keratinocytes decreased to 45.5\% of controls after exposure to 10(-4) M fumonisin B1 for 2 days. However, no differences in the cell cycle distribution of cultured keratinocytes was noted after exposure to 10(-5) M fumonisin B1 for 40 h. The viability of normal human keratinocytes and HET-1A cells decreased as a result of fumonisin B1 treatment, as determined by a fluorescein diacetate/propidium iodide flow cytometric cell viability assay. Fumonisin B1-treated keratinocytes released nucleosomal DNA fragments into the medium 2-3 days after exposure to 10(-4) M fumonisin B1 and increased DNA strand breaks were detected in attached keratinocytes exposed to 0-10(-4) M fumonisin B1 using a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-based immunochemical assay system. Furthermore, fumonisin B1-treated keratinocytes and HET-1A cells developed morphological features consistent with apoptosis, as determined by phase contrast microscopy, fluorescent microscopy of acridine orange stained cells and electron microscopy. These results are consistent with the occurrence of fumonisin B1-mediated apoptosis in vitro.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy