Author(s): Verma I, Jain V, Kaur T
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Women presenting with unhealthy cervix needs to be evaluated with Papanicolaou (Pap) smear for epithelial abnormalities. AIM: To detect epithelial cell abnormalities in unhealthy cervix using the 2001Bethesda system of reporting for cervical cytology and to confirm histopathologicaly the findings of Pap smear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 125 women with clinical diagnosis of unhealthy cervix underwent conventional cytology. Cervical biopsies were taken from abnormal areas seen on colposcopy and sent for histopathology. RESULTS: Out of 125 Pap smears, 122 were satisfactory for evaluation (19 normal, 86 negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy and 17 with epithelial cell abnormality) and 3 were unsatisfactory (one hemorrhagic and two severe inflammation). Out of 17 (13.60\%) cases with epithelial cell abnormality, ASC-US was seen in 6 (4.80\%), LSIL in 7 (5.60\%), HSIL in 1 (0.80\%), squamous cell carcinoma in 1 (0.80\%), AGC endocervical in 1 (0.80\%) and adenocarcinoma in 1 (0.80\%) patients. Cervical biopsy was taken in 67 women. Diagnostic accuracy of Pap smear for preinvasive and invasive disease was 81.15\% with overall sensitivity and specificity 78.57\% and 88.67\% respectively and predictive value of 64.71\%. CONCLUSION: Women with clinical diagnosis of unhealthy cervix should be evaluated by cytology to detect any premalignant or malignant lesions. The Bethesda system for cervical cytology reporting should be used universally as it will give a standardized interpretation.
This article was published in J Clin Diagn Res
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology