Author(s): Tomita M, Okuyama T
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Abstract Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is an attractive approach for the analysis of drugs in body fluids. We made a simultaneous analysis of nitrazepam, diazepam, estazolam, bromazepam, triazolam and flurazepam using CE with on-column detection at 200 nm. We obtained the best electropherograms under a condition of 5 mM phosphate-borate (pH 8.5) containing 50 mM SDS and 15\% methanol. We examined the effect of the sample solvent matrix on the electropherograms obtained, indicating that increasing the methanol content in the sample solvent or the injection volume above a certain threshold limit decreased the resolution. We then focused on application of the CE to the analysis of the drugs in spiked serum, being appropriate for an analysis within 25 min. Linearity, the detection limit, accuracy and reproducibility were established using this method. The calibration curve was linear up to 1 mg/l of serum concentration. The lower limit of detection was 5 pg per injection and 0.025 mg/l of the serum concentration for all the compounds except for flurazepam, for which they were 40 pg/injection and 0.2 mg/l. The detection limits obtained allowed toxicological and pharmacological determinations for nitrazepam, diazepam, estazolam and bromazepam, but not for triazolam and flurazepam. Only toxic blood levels for the latter two benzodiazepines could be quantified by this method. We concluded that the CE could at least be applicable to simultaneous screening for toxic levels of benzodiazepines. We suggest that this technique may offer criminal toxicologists a rapid, simple and adaptable approach for the estimation of many other drugs in body fluids.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta