Author(s): Yoon YH, Nelson JH
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Abstract A previously introduced theoretical model addressing respirator cartridge contaminant breakthrough was further developed in this study. This development involved the introduction of a new theoretical parameter, a, to complement the parameters k' and tau employed in the initial theoretical approach. The extension of the theory permits the theoretical investigation of the following: (1) the effect of contaminant concentration on breakthrough time; (2) the effect of flow rate on breakthrough time; (3) the influence of contaminant concentration on percentage of breakthrough; and (4) the effect of contaminant concentration on the weight of adsorbed contaminant at a given time. We also compared new theoretical expressions with previously published empirical equations. Utilizing the parameter a, we derived a set of equations of significant practical value. These equations relate the ratio of two contaminant concentrations (one experimental reference concentration and any other concentration of interest) to either the ratio of the corresponding breakthrough times or the corresponding weights of adsorbed contaminant. Three practical examples are provided demonstrating that the new theoretical model reduces experimental work required to predict respirator cartridge service life.
This article was published in Am Ind Hyg Assoc J
and referenced in Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology