Author(s): Kayser M, de Knijff P, Dieltjes P, Krawczak M, Nagy M,
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Abstract Y-chromosomal microsatellites have been investigated for the purposes of application to male identification, population genetics and population history. With nine markers, every male in a German population sample (n = 70) could be identified by an individual-specific Y microsatellite haplotype. The analysis of 474 unrelated males of nine human populations with seven markers revealed 301 different Y haplotypes. The analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) approach was used to detect male population characteristics of Y microsatellite haplotypes. With pairwise comparisons of inter-population variance, most of the populations could be distinguished significantly. Sixty individuals from different male populations in Asia and Northern Europe carrying a novel Y-chromosomal T-->C transition show reduced microsatellite variability together with haplotype similarities. Microsatellite data suggest that the mutation occurred recently in Asia, supporting the hypothesis of Asian ancestry of some northern European populations.
This article was published in Electrophoresis
and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis