Author(s): Zeng XN, Sun XL, Gao L, Fan Y, Ding JH,
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Abstract The role of aquaporin-4 in water transport has been extensively investigated, while little information exists regarding its contribution to astrocytic functions such as the action to glutamatergic transmission. Since aquaporin-4 has been detected widely co-localized with glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1) and glutamate transporters also present water transport properties, we investigated the regulative role of aquporin-4 on glutamate transporter using primary cultured astrocytes from aquaporin-4 knockout (AQP4(-/-)) mice. It was demonstrated that lack of aquaporin-4 down-regulated astrocytic expression of GLT-1 but not of glutamate/aspartate transporter (GLAST). The result from [(3)H]D,L-glutamate uptake analysis showed a lower uptake capability in AQP4(-/-) astrocytes. Furthermore, MTT and LDH assays indicated less cellular toxicity induced by excessive glutamate in AQP4(-/-) genotype. These findings provide direct evidences for the first time that aquaporin-4 plays an important role in the function of glutamate transporters. And the present study will improve our understanding of aquaporin-4-glutamanergic biology.
This article was published in Mol Cell Neurosci
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism