alexa Arginine 45 is a major part of the antigenic determinant of human beta 2-microglobulin recognized by mouse monoclonal antibody BBM.1.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Parham P, Androlewicz MJ, Holmes NJ, Rothenberg BE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Monoclonal antibody BBM.1 (Brodsky, F.M., Bodmer, W. F., and Parham, P. (1979) Eur. J. Immunol. 9, 536-545) identifies an antigenic determinant of human beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-M). The antibody binds free and HLA-A,B-associated beta 2-M with similar affinity, showing that the BBM.1 antigenic determinant does not involve residues of beta 2-M that interact with HLA-A,B heavy chains. Peptides (SWH.1-5) synthesized from residues 35-50 of the beta 2-M sequence specifically inhibit the binding of BBM.1 to cell surfaces. Their inhibitory activity is destroyed by trypsin treatment. The observations (i) that BBM.1 does not bind to beta 2-M of species other than man, gorilla, and chimpanzee and (ii) that arginine 45 is the only human-specific residue between positions 35 and 50 suggested that this residue might be part of the BBM.1 antigenic determinant. This hypothesis was confirmed by reversible modification of arginine residues with cyclohexanedione. Modification of arginines in native beta 2-M and of the single arginine, corresponding to position 45, in the peptide SWH.5 resulted in up to 95\% loss of BBM.1 inhibitory activity. Reversal of the modification by treatment with hydroxylamine resulted in complete recovery of activity. Rabbit antibodies elicited by immunization of SWH.5 conjugated to bovine serum albumin showed no detectable reaction with native beta 2-M but did specifically react with human beta 2-M after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and electrophoresis onto nitrocellulose. These results thus identify a region around residue 45 of the beta 2-M polypeptide which is exposed to the environment and not involved in binding HLA-A,B heavy chain. Analysis of the beta 2-M sequence by calculating local hydrophilicity indices (Hopp, T. P., and Woods, K. R. (1981) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 78, 3824-3828) agree with this region being a major antigenic determinant. Models of beta 2-M structure as an immunoglobulin domain show this region of polypeptide to be part of a loop between the two layers of beta-pleated sheet, also consistent with it being a major antigenic determinant. The position of the loop favors a model in which beta 2-M interacts with HLA across the four-stranded beta-pleated sheet like an immunoglobulin constant region domain.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords