alexa Aristolochic acid induces proximal tubule apoptosis and epithelial to mesenchymal transformation.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Pozdzik AA, Salmon IJ, Debelle FD, Decaestecker C, Van den Branden C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Aristolochic acid contamination in herbal remedies leads to interstitial fibrosis, tubular atrophy, and renal failure in humans. To study the cellular mechanisms contributing to the pathophysiology of this renal disease, we studied Wistar rats treated with aristolochic acid and measured tubular and interstitial cell proliferation, epithelial/mesenchymal cell marker expression, tubular membrane integrity, myofibroblast accumulation, oxidative stress, mitochondrial damage, tubular apoptosis, and fibrosis. Oxidative stress, a loss of cadherin concomitant with vimentin expression, basement membrane denudation with active caspase-3 expression, and mitochondrial injury within tubular cells were evident within 5 days of administration of the toxin. During the chronic phase, interstitial mesenchymal cells accumulated in areas of collagen deposits. Impaired regeneration and apoptosis of proximal tubular cells resulted in tubule atrophy with a near absence of dedifferentiated cell transmembrane migration. We suggest that resident fibroblast activation plays a critical role in the process of renal fibrosis during aristolochic acid toxicity. This article was published in Kidney Int and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords