Author(s): Han FX, Kingery WL, Selim HM, Gerard PD, Cox MS,
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to quantify the solubility and distribution of As among solid-phase components in poultry wastes and soils receiving long-term poultry waste applications. Arsenic in the water-soluble, NaOCl-extractable (organically bound), NH(2)OH x HCl-extractable (oxide bound) and residual fractions were quantified in an Upper Coastal Plain soil (Neshoba County, MS) that received annual waste applications. After 25 years, As in the amended soil had a mean of 8.4 mg kg(-1) compared to 2.68 mg kg(-1) for a non-amended soil. Arsenic in the amended soil was mainly in the residual fraction (72\% of total), which is generally considered the least bioavailable fraction. Arsenic in poultry waste samples was primarily water-soluble (5.3-25.1 mg kg(-1)), representing 36-75\% of the total As. To assess the extent of spatial heterogeneity, total As in a 0.5-ha area within the long-term waste-amended field was quantified. Soil surface samples were taken on 10-m grid points and results for total As appeared negatively skewed and approximated a bimodal distribution. Total As in the amended soil was strongly correlated with Fe oxides, clay and hydroxy interlayered vermiculite concentrations, and negatively correlated with Mehlich III-P, mica and quartz contents.
This article was published in Sci Total Environ
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation