Author(s): Jegadeesan G, AlAbed SR, Sundaram V, Choi H, Scheckel KG,
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Abstract Single solute As (III) and As (V) sorption on nano-sized amorphous and crystalline TiO(2) was investigated to determine: size and crystallinity effects on arsenic sorption capacities, possible As (III) oxidation, and the nature of surface complexes. Amorphous and crystalline nanoparticles were prepared using sol-gel synthesis techniques. For amorphous TiO(2), solute pH in the range of 4-9 had a profound impact on only As (V) sorption. As (III) and As (V) sorption isotherms indicated that sorption capacities of the different TiO(2) polymorphs were dependent on the sorption site density, surface area (particle size) and crystalline structure. When normalized to surface area, As (III) surface coverage on the TiO(2) surface remained almost constant for particles between 5 and 20 nm. However, As (V) surface coverage increased with the degree of crystallinity. X-ray absorption spectroscopic analysis provided evidence of partial As (III) oxidation on amorphous TiO(2) rather than crystalline TiO(2). The data also indicated that As (III) and As (V) form binuclear bidentate inner-sphere complexes with amorphous TiO(2) at neutral pH. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Water Res
and referenced in Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering