alexa Arsenite inhibits Ras-dependent activation of ERK but activates ERK in the presence of oncogenic Ras in baboon vascular smooth muscle cells.


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Daum G, Pham J, Deou J

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Abstract Exposure to arsenical compounds enhances the risk of atherosclerosis. The reason is unknown but it might be because an effect of arsenite (As3+) on plaque smooth muscle cells (SMCs) activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), a crucial mediator of SMC function. We found that arsenite inhibits the activation of ERK by platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). This inhibitory effect depends on the time of arsenite exposure, is reversible, and is attenuated by preincubation of SMCs with the antioxidant N-acetyl-cysteine. These observations are consistent with the assumption that oxidative stress is involved. The blockade of ERK by arsenite may be mediated by an inhibition of Ras as arsenite prevents GTP-loading of Ras in response to PDGF-BB. Moreover, the Ras blockade by arsenite is not specific for PDGF-BB because it was also observed following stimulation of SMCs with EGF. To address the role of Ras, we expressed constitutively active, GTP-bound Ha-Ras (V12Ras). Unexpectedly, in V12Ras expressing-SMCs, arsenite stimulates ERK, but still decreases ERK activity in the presence of PDGF-BB. Our data suggest that arsenite inhibits the Ras/ERK pathway in SMCs, and that arsenite may activate ERK in Ras-transformed cells by mechanisms different from those employed by growth factors.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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