Author(s): Verberg MF, Macklon NS, Heijnen EM, Fauser BC
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Abstract Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are now widely accepted as effective treatment for most causes of infertility. With improving success rates, attention has turned to the problem of multiple pregnancies, which are associated with a poor perinatal outcome, maternal complications and significant financial consequences. The challenge is to reduce multigestational pregnancies while maintaining good treatment outcomes. Methods to prevent multiple pregnancy include restrictive use of ART in couples with a good chance of spontaneous pregnancy, cautious use of gonadotrophins, and increased use of natural-cycle intra-uterine insemination and elective single embryo transfer in in-vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection. The aim of this article is to review the contribution of fertility treatment to multiple pregnancies and strategies for reducing multiples in ART.
This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology