Author(s): Tol JL, Verheyen CP, van Dijk CN
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Abstract We performed a prospective study to assess the long-term outcome of 57 arthroscopic debridement procedures carried out to treat anterior impingement in the ankle. Using preoperative radiographs, we grouped patients according to the extent of their osteoarthritis (OA). The symptoms of those with grade-0 changes could be attributed to anterior soft-tissue impingement alone. Patients with grade-I disease had both anterior soft-tissue and osteophytic impingement, but no narrowing of the joint space. In those with grade-II OA, narrowing of the joint space was accompanied by osteophytic impingement. Radiographs taken before and after operation and at follow-up were compared to assess the recurrence of osteophytes and the progression of narrowing of the joint space. At a mean follow-up of 6.5 years (5 to 8) all patients without OA had excellent or good results. There were excellent or good results in 77\% of patients with grade-I OA, despite partial or complete recurrence of osteophytes in two-thirds. In most patients with grade-II OA, narrowing of the joint space had not progressed at follow-up. There was a notable improvement in pain in these patients, 53\% of whom had excellent or good results. Although some osteophytes recurred, at long-term follow-up arthroscopic excision of soft-tissue overgrowths and osteophytes proved to be an effective way of treating anterior impingement of the ankle in patients who had no narrowing of the joint space.
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Br
and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research