Author(s): Vainio H, Morgan G, Vainio H, Morgan G
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Abstract The history of aspirin can be traced back to ancient Egypt where extract of willow bark was used to treat inflammation. The active component of the extract was identified as the glucoside of salicylic alcohol. The severe gastric side effects associated with the use of sodium salicylate prompted the synthesis of the o-acetyl-derivative as a possible pro-drug. In fact, acetylsalicylic acid was antiinflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic but also ulcerogenic to the stomach. Acetylsalicylic acid was synthesized one hundred years ago, and was mass-produced under the commercial name of 'Aspirin' (Dreser, 1899) by the German company Bayer for the treatment of fever and rheumatism.
This article was published in Pharmacol Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research