Author(s): Foulstone M, Reading C
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Abstract Augmentin is a new antibacterial formulation comprised of amoxicillin and the beta-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid. In the present paper, the use of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to provide a rapid assay of the components of Augmentin in body fluids is described. Clavulanic acid was assayed by reacting the sample with imidazole, which readily produces a derivative absorbing at 311 nm. This derivative chromatographs on reverse-phase HPLC columns clear of interfering components in both human serum and urine. Concentrations of clavulanic acid as low as 0.1 microgram/ml were readily detectable in human serum with this procedure. There was no interference from amoxicillin, amoxicillin penicilloic acid, or the acid and alkali degradation products of clavulanic acid when this assay system was used. Amoxicillin in body fluids was assayed directly by HPLC without derivatization. The same chromatographic conditions were employed for the assay of amoxicillin and the clavulanic acid derivative, simplifying the methodology. Amoxicillin, however, was determined of the antibiotic per ml. An alkali blanking procedure for amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is also described which allows the detection of any underlying peaks which may cochromatograph. The use of ultrafiltration to remove protein from serum samples before HPLC was successfully applied to the assay of clavulanic acid and amoxicillin. Ultrafiltration is not an essential procedure for these assays, but it prolongs column life and reduces interference in the amoxicillin assay. Results obtained by HPLC were compared with those obtained by using microbiological assays.
This article was published in Antimicrob Agents Chemother
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry