Author(s): Sharma S, Kolahdooz F, Butler L, Budd N, Rushovich B, , Sharma S, Kolahdooz F, Butler L, Budd N, Rushovich B, , Sharma S, Kolahdooz F, Butler L, Budd N, Rushovich B, , Sharma S, Kolahdooz F, Butler L, Budd N, Rushovich B,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To characterize food and nutrient intake and develop a population-specific food list to be used as a comprehensive dietary assessment tool for Baltimore infants and toddlers aged 0-24 months. The data were used to inform the Growing Leaps and Bounds (GLB) program, which promotes early obesity prevention among Baltimore infants and toddlers. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: A cross-sectional dietary survey using 24-hour recalls among randomly selected primary caregivers of infants and toddlers was conducted. RESULTS: Data were collected from 84 children, (response rate 61\%) 45 boys; 39 girls. Mean daily energy intakes were 677 kcal, 988 kcal, and 1,123 kcal for children 0-6 months, 7-12 months and 13-24 months, respectively. Infants 0-6 months had higher percentage of energy from fat (48\%) than infants 7-12 months (34\%) and 13-24 months (31\%). Mean daily intakes for all nutrients among 0-12 months old were ≥ Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI), while toddlers 13-24 months had inadequate vitamins A, D, and E intake. Breastfeeding occurred in 33\% of infants and toddlers 0 to 6 months, while less than 3\% of those aged 7 to 24 months were breastfed. A 104-item food list with eight food and drink categories was developed. CONCLUSIONS: Infants were formula fed with a higher frequency than they were breastfed. The consumption of high-sugar and high-fat foods (e.g. sweetened drinks, French fries) increased with each age group, which can increase the risk of childhood obesity.
This article was published in Nutr J
and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy