Author(s): Bostrm J, Greenwood JR, Gottfries J
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Abstract OMEGA is a rule-based program which rapidly generates conformational ensembles of small molecules. We have varied the parameters which control the nature of the ensembles generated by OMEGA in a statistical fashion (D-optimal) with the aim of increasing the probability of generating bioactive conformations. Thirty-six drug-like ligands from different ligand-protein complexes determined by high-resolution (< or =2.0A) X-ray crystallography have been analyzed. Statistically significant models (Q(2)> or =0.75) confirm that one can increase the performance of OMEGA by modifying the parameters. Twenty-eight of the bioactive conformations were retrieved when using a low-energy cut-off (5 kcal/mol), a low RMSD value (0.6A) for duplicate removal, and a maximum of 1000 output conformations. All of those that were not retrieved had eight or more rotatable bonds. The duplicate removal parameter was found to have the largest impact on retrieval of bioactive conformations, and the maximum number of conformations also affected the results considerably. The input conformation was found to influence the results largely because certain bond angles can prevent the bioactive conformation from being generated as a low-energy conformation. Pre-optimizing the input structures with MMFF94s improved the results significantly. We also investigated the performance of OMEGA in connection with database searching. The shape-matching program Rapid Overlay of Chemical Structures (ROCS) was used as search tool. Two multi-conformational databases were built from the MDDR database plus the 36 compounds; one large (maximum 1000 conformations/mol) and one small (maximum 100 conformations/mol). Both databases provided satisfactory results in terms of retrieval. ROCS was able to rank 35 out of 36 X-ray structures among the top 500 hits from the large database.
This article was published in J Mol Graph Model
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry