alexa Assessing the relationship between maternal opiate use and neonatal mortality.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Hulse GK, Milne E, English DR, Holman CD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We undertook a number of meta-analyses to estimate more precisely the relationship between neonatal mortality and use of opiates in three groups of women. First, women who continued to use illicit heroin throughout pregnancy; secondly, women stabilized on methadone at the time of conception or shortly after and thirdly, women who use heroin well into pregnancy with late entry into methadone treatment, or who continued to use illicit heroin during pregnancy while receiving methadone. FINDINGS: The pooled estimates of the relative risks of neonatal mortality for separate heroin and methadone use were both near unity: 1.47 (95\% CI 0.88-2.33) and 1.75 (95\% CI 0.60-4.59), respectively. The result for heroin may be due to the inclusion in the meta-analysis of a particularly large study, which, unlike the two other smaller studies included found a relative risk near unity. When this study was excluded from the meta-analysis the pooled estimate of the relative risk of neonatal mortality for heroin use was 3.27 (95\% CI 0.95-9.60). In contrast to the results for use of methadone only, the pooled relative risk associated with heroin and methadone use was 6.37 (95\% CI 2.57-14.68). CONCLUSIONS: The increased relative risk for neonatal mortality associated with women using heroin and methadone during pregnancy, compared to those stabilized on methadone, is probably due to the chaotic and high-risk life-style associated with illicit heroin use and not solely to the use of heroin and methadone per se. It is recommended tht women who use heroin well into pregnancy with late entry into methadone treatment, or who continue to use illicit heroin during pregnancy while receiving methadone, receive special attention over and above that provided to women stabilized on methadone.
This article was published in Addiction and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords