Author(s): Achenbach S
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This study was designed to investigate whether contrast-enhanced multidetector spiral CT (MDCT) permits assessment of remodeling in coronary atherosclerotic lesions.
With sufficient image quality, MDCT permits noninvasive visualization of the coronary arteries, but its ability to assess remodeling has not been evaluated.
Out of 102 patients in whom MDCT (16-slice scanner, intravenous contrast, 0.75-mm collimation, 420 ms rotation) was performed before invasive coronary angiography, 44 patients with high-quality MDCT data sets showing atherosclerotic plaque in a proximal coronary artery segment were chosen for evaluation. In multiplanar reconstructions orthogonal to the coronary artery, the cross-sectional vessel area was measured for the respective lesion and for a reference segment proximal to the lesion. The "Remodeling Index" was calculated by dividing the vessel area in the lesion by the reference segment. Results were correlated to the presence of stenosis (>50% diameter reduction) in invasive angiography. In a subset of 13 patients, MDCT measurements were verified by IVUS.
Reference vessel area was not significantly different between nonstenotic versus stenotic lesions (20 +/- 8 mm(2), n = 23 vs. 22 +/- 8 mm(2), n = 21). The mean Remodeling Index was significantly higher in nonstenotic than in stenotic lesions (1.3 +/- 0.2 vs. 1.0 +/- 0.2, p < 0.001). In five stenotic lesions, "negative remodeling" (Remodeling Index < or = 0.95) was observed. Cross-sectional vessel areas and Remodeling Indices measured by MDCT correlated closely to IVUS (r(2) = 0.77 and r(2) = 0.82, respectively).
Multidetector spiral CT may permit assessment of remodeling of coronary atherosclerotic lesions in selected data sets of sufficient quality.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol
and referenced in Angiology: Open Access