Author(s): Papakonstantinou OG, Maris TG, Kostaridou V, Gouliamos AD, Koutoulas GK,
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Abstract PURPOSE: To correlate hepatic 1/T2 values obtained by means of a T2-Quantitative MRI (T2-QMRI) technique with three widely applied methods for the evaluation of hemosiderosis, i.e., (a) liver iron concentrations (LFeC) (b) serum ferritin (SF), and (c) histologic grading of siderosis. The impact of coexisting hepatitis was also considered. T2-QMRI measurements were compared with signal intensity (SI) ratio measurements on conventional SE images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liver T2 relaxation times were calculated in 40 thalassemic patients, on a 0.5 T magnetic resonance imaging system using a multiple spin-echo sequence with parameters: TR = 2500 ms, TE = 12 ms in 20 symmetrically repeatable echoes. RESULTS: (a) 1/T2 values were well correlated (r = 0.97) with liver iron concentrations, which ranged from 2.32 to 18.0 mg/g dry weight (normal < 1.6 mg/g). (b) 1/T2 values were also correlated with serum ferritin levels (r = 0.84). At various 1/T2 values, serum ferritin levels were higher for the anti-HCV(+) patients than the anti-HCV(-) ones. (c) T2 values corresponding to successive grades of siderosis presented statistically significant differences. (d) SI ratio measurement assigned less statistically significant results, as compared to T2 values. CONCLUSION: T2-QMRI measurement of T2 relaxation time is more accurate than SI ratios in evaluating liver iron overload. It is particularly useful for hemosiderotic patients with coexisting hepatitis since, in this case, serum ferritin is not considered a reliable index of hemosiderosis.
This article was published in Magn Reson Imaging
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion