alexa Assessment of marker proteins identified in whole cell extracts for bacterial speciation using liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Kooken J, Fox K, Fox A, Wunschel D

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Abstract Staphylococcal strains (CoNS) were speciated in this study. Digests of proteins released from whole cells were converted to tryptic peptides for analysis. Liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI MS/MS, Orbitrap) was employed for peptide analysis. Data analysis was performed employing the open-source software X!Tandem which uses sequenced genomes to generate a virtual peptide database for comparison to experimental data. The search database was modified to include the genomes of the 11 Staphylococcus species most commonly isolated from man. The number of total peptides matching each protein along with the number of peptides specifically matching to the homologue (or homologues) for strains of the same species were assessed. Any peptides not matching to the species examined were considered conflict peptides. The proteins typically identified with the largest percentage of sequence coverage, number of matched peptides and number of peptides corresponding to only the correct species were elongation factor Tu (EF Tu) and enolase (Enol). Additional proteins with consistently observed peptides as well as peptides matching only homologues from the same species were citrate synthase (CS) and 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (1P5CD). Protein markers, previously identified from gel slices, (aconitate hydratase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase) were found to provide low confidence scores when employing whole cell digests. The methodological approach described here provides a simple yet elegant way of identification of staphylococci. However, perhaps more importantly the technology should be applicable universally for identification of any bacterial species. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Mol Cell Probes and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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