Author(s): Kowalski M, Brocka E, Barylski M, Kowalczyk E, Pawlicki L,
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Abstract Occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MS) increases cardiovascular risk in comparison with healthy subjects. In many studies the role of infection in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is emphasised. The aim of the study was to assess the periodontal state in subjects with metabolic syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 300 subjects with MS (mean age 42.0 +/- 9.5 years)--group I. 80 subjects (mean age 36 +/- 7.8 years) without MS were enrolled into the control group--group II. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to IDF criteria. To assess the periodontal state we evaluated: the depth of periodontal pocket, Russel index, gingival index, Aproximal Plaque Index (API) and alveolar process radiography. RESULTS: In patients with MS periodontal diseases were more frequent than in the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal diseases are more frequent in subjects with metabolic syndrome than in the population of subjects without metabolic syndrome. Prophylaxis and treatment of periodontal diseases should be the crucial element of therapy in subjects with metabolic syndrome.
This article was published in Pol Merkur Lekarski
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals