alexa Association between smoking and blood pressure: evidence from the health survey for England.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Primatesta P, Falaschetti E, Gupta S, Marmot MG, Poulter NR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Cigarette smoking causes acute blood pressure (BP) elevation, although some studies have found similar or lower BPs in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Cross-sectional data from 3 years (1994 to 1996) of the annual Health Survey for England were used to investigate any difference in BP between smokers and nonsmokers in a nationally representative sample of adults (>/=16 years old). Randomly selected adults (33 860; 47\% men) with valid body mass index (BMI) and BP measurements provided data on smoking status (never, past, or current) and were stratified into younger (16 to 44 years old) and older (>/=45 years old) age groups. Analyses provided between 89\% and 94\% power to detect a difference of 2 mm Hg systolic BP between smokers and nonsmokers in the 4 age/gender strata (alpha=0.05). Older male smokers had higher systolic BP adjusted for age, BMI, social class, and alcohol intake than did nonsmoking men. No such differences were seen among younger men or for diastolic blood pressure in either age group. Among women, light smokers (1 to 9 cigarettes/d) tended to have lower BPs than heavier smokers and never smokers, significantly so for diastolic BP. Among men, a significant interaction between BMI and the BP-smoking association was observed. In women, BP differences between nonsmokers and light smokers were most marked in those who did not drink alcohol. These data show that any independent chronic effect of smoking on BP is small. Differences between men and women in this association are likely to be due to complex interrelations among smoking, alcohol intake, and BMI.
This article was published in Hypertension and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords