Author(s): Chou HT, Chen CH, Tsai CH, Tsai FJ
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Scarring and collagen deposition in the valves and destruction of myocytes may result from the combined effects of a smoldering rheumatic process and a constant trauma to the mitral valve or aortic valve by the turbulent flow in rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) may be responsible for the increased valvular fibrosis and calcification in the pathogenesis of RHD. However, the role of TGF-beta1 genetic variant in RHD has not been studied. This case-controlled study was carried out to investigate the possible relationship between the TGF-beta1 gene C-509T and T869C polymorphisms and RHD among the Chinese population in Taiwan. METHODS: A group of 115 patients with RHD documented by using echocardiography and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy control patients were studied. TGF-beta1 gene C-509T and T869C polymorphisms were identified with polymerase chain reaction-based restriction analysis. RESULTS: A significant difference was seen in the distribution of genotypes between patients with RHD and control patients for either TGF-beta1 C-509T polymorphism (P <.0001) or T869C polymorphism (P <.0001). The frequency of TGF-beta1 C-509T CC genotype was lower in the RHD group than in the control group (chi2 = 19.05, P <.0001), which suggests that this genotype may confer protective effects against RHD. A significant difference was seen in the distribution of allelic frequency between patients with RHD and control patients for TGF-beta1 T869C polymorphism (P =.04). The odds ratio (OR) for risk of RHD associated with TGF-beta1 T869C T allele was 1.49 (95\% CI, 1.02-2.19). Further categorization of patients with RHD into mitral valve disease and combined valve disease subgroups revealed no statistical difference in these gene polymorphisms when compared with the 2 subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with RHD have a lower frequency of TGF-beta1 C-509T CC genotype and a higher frequency of T869C T allele, which supports a role for the TGF-beta1 gene C-509T and T869C polymorphisms in determining the risk/protection of RHD in Taiwan Chinese patients.
This article was published in Am Heart J
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology