alexa Association between tubular toxicity of cisplatin and expression of organic cation transporter rOCT2 (Slc22a2) in the rat.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Kidney

Author(s): Yonezawa A, Masuda S, Nishihara K, Yano I, Katsura T,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Cisplatin is an effective anticancer drug, but has its severe adverse effects, especially nephrotoxicity. The molecular mechanism of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is still not clear. In the present study, we examined the role of rat (r)OCT2, an organic cation transporter predominantly expressed in the kidney, in the tubular toxicity of cisplatin. Using HEK293 cells stably expressing rOCT2 (HEK-rOCT2), we evaluated the cisplatin-induced release of lactate dehydrogenase and the uptake of cisplatin. The release of lactate dehydrogenase and the accumulation of platinum were greater in HEK-rOCT2 cells treated with cisplatin than in mock-transfected cells. Moreover, cimetidine and corticosterone, OCT2 inhibitors, inhibited the cytotoxicity and the transport of cisplatin in HEK-rOCT2 cells. Pharmacokinetics of cisplatin was investigated in male and female rats because the renal expression level of rOCT2 was higher in male than female rats. The renal uptake clearance of cisplatin was greater in male than female rats, while the hepatic uptake clearance was similar between the sexes. In addition, glomerular filtration rate and liver function were unchanged, but N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activity in the bladder urine and the urine volume were markedly increased 2 days after the administration of 2 mg/kg of cisplatin in male rats. Moreover, cisplatin did not induce the elevation of urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activity in the castrated male rats whose renal rOCT2 level was lower than that of the sham-operated rats. In conclusion, the present results indicated that renal rOCT2 expression was the major determinant of cisplatin-induced tubular toxicity. This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Kidney

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd Annual Kidney Congress
    Aug 28-30, 2017, Philadelphia, USA
  • 16th European Nephrology Conference
    Oct 02-04, 2017, Barcelona, Spain
  • 16th International Conference on Nephrology
    Nov 02-03, 2017, Atlanta, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords